Peer-Reviewed Publications

Dictionary definition of the word science

2016

  • Griffin G. and Locke P. (2016) Comparison of the Canadian and US laws, regulations, policies, and systems of oversight for animals in research. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research 57(3):271-284.
  • Ormandy E.H. and Griffin G. (2016) Attitudes toward the use of animals in chronic versus acute pain research: Results of a web-based forum. Alternatives To Laboratory Animals 44(4):323-335.
  • Avey M.T. and Griffin G. (2016) Pedagogical merit review of animal use for education in Canada. PLoS One 11(6):e0158002.

2015

  • Avey M.T., Fenwick N. and Griffin G. (2015) Use of systematic reviews and reporting guidelines to advance the implementation of the Three Rs. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 54(2):153-162.

2014

  • Recommendations for the care and maintenance of marine mammals (2014)

    Erratum

    Please note revision to document is current as of January 7, 2015.

    DFO Recommendations Section 4: Facility Management, Operation and Maintenance

    Page 38, 4.2.3 Salinity, first paragraph under Recommendation 22 – The parts per thousand was incorrect. The text has been modified to read as follows: For most cetacean species, the salinity of the enclosure should be ≥22 parts per thousand (Stamper, 2006).

  • Griffin G., MacArthur-Clark J., Zurlo J. and Ritskes-Hoitinga M. (2014) Scientific uses of animals: harm-benefit analysis and different approaches to implementing the Three Rs. In: Scientific and Technical Review 33(1):265-272.
  • Fenwick N., Duffus S.E.G. and Griffin G. (2014) Pain management for animals used in science: Views of scientists and veterinarians in Canada. Animals 4(3):494-514.

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

  • Fenwick N., Griffin G. and Gauthier C. (2009) The welfare of animals used in science: How the "Three Rs" ethic guides improvements. Canadian Veterinary Journal 50(5):523-30.
  • Griffin G. (2009) Establishing a Three Rs Program at the Canadian Council on Animal Care. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 37(Suppl 2):63-67.
  • Griffin G. and Gauthier C. (2009) Fish welfare and the Canadian Council on Animal Care. Aquaculture Canada Meeting: Meeting the Challenges. Nanaimo BC, May 10-13, 2009. Aquaculture Association of Canada 15(Special Publication):21-24.
  • Guy A.L. and Griffin G. (2009) Adopting alternatives for the regulatory monitoring of shellfish for paralytic shellfish poisoning in Canada: Interface between federal regulators, science and ethics. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 54(3):256-263.
  • Turner P.V., Baar M. and Olfert E.D. (2009) Laboratory animal medicine- Needs and opportunities for Canadian veterinarians. The Canadian Veterinary Journal 50(3):257-260.

2008

  • Demers G. (2008) The Impact of International Harmonization of Guidelines on Animal Welfare. World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences (6th) (Sessions 2-4). Tokyo, Japan, August 21-25, 2007.
  • Gauthier C. (2008) Public participation in informed decision-making on animal use in Canada. World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences (6th) (Sessions 2-4). Tokyo, Japan, August 21-25, 2007, Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14(Special Issue):197-201.
  • Gauthier C. (2008) The institutional animal care committee: Keystone of international harmonization. World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences (6th) (Session 2-2-1). Tokyo, Japan, August 21-25, 2007, Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14(Special Issue):715-720.
  • Griffin G., Dansereau M. and Gauthier C. (2008) Categories of invasiveness-A precautionary approach. World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences (6th). Tokyo, Japan, August 21-25, 2007. Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14(Special Issue):715-720.
  • Griffin G. and Gauthier C. (2008) Facilitationof an international approach for data sharing and acquisition in relation to genetically engineered animals. World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences (6th). Tokyo, Japan, August 21-25, 2007. Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14(Special Issue):151-156.
  • Guy A., Gauthier C. and Griffin G. (2008) Adopting alternative methods for regulatory testing in Canada. World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences (6th). Tokyo, Japan, August 21-25, 2007. Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14(Special Issue):323-327.
  • Guy A. and Griffin G. (2008) Incentives and impediments to adopting alternative shellfish testing methods in Canada. World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences (6th). Tokyo, Japan, August 21-25, 2007. Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14(Special Issue):763-768.
  • Kostomitsopoulos N., Carbone C. and Demers G. (2008) Role of the International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS) in the Promotion of Care and Use of Laboratory Animals in Southeast Europe. Archives of Biological Sciences 60(2):175-179.

2007

2006

2005

  • Gauthier C. and Griffin G. (2005) Using animals in research, testing and teaching. Revue Scientifique et Technique Office International des Epizooties 24(2):735-745.

2004

  • Comber J. (2004) Promoting the flourishing of both science and animal welfare. Geronto-McGill 20(2):6.
  • Demers G. (2004) First ICLAS Meeting for the Harmonization of Guidelines on the Use of Animals in Science. 9th Symposium of the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA). Nantes, France, Symposium Proceedings, pp.40-41.
  • Gauthier C., Griffin G. and Demers G. (2004) Improving the Lives of Laboratory Animals: No easy task for mice or men. The Scientist 18(8):43.
  • Gauthier C. (2004). Overview and analysis of animal use in North America. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 32(Suppl. 1A):275-285.
  • Gauthier C. and Griffin G. (2004) Guidelines on endpoints: a successful case of harmonization. 9th Symposium of the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations (FELASA). Nantes, France, June 4-17, 2004, pp.19-22.
  • Griffin G. and Gauthier C. (2004) Guidelines development and scientific uncertainty: on the care and use of fish in research, teaching and testing. Animal Welfare 3(Suppl. 1):S181-S186.
  • Griffin G. and Gauthier C. (2004) Incorporation of the principles of the Three Rs in wildlife research. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 32(Suppl. 1A):215-219.
  • Griffin G., Stokes W.S., Pakes S.P. and Gauthier C. (2004) The International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS)/Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 32(Suppl. 1B):707-712.

2002

  • Gauthier C. (2002) Principles and guidelines for the development of a science-based decision making process facilitating the implementation of the 3Rs by government regulators. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research 43(Suppl.):S99-S104.
  • Griffin G., Stokes W.S., Pakes S and Gauthier C. (2002) The International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS)/Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare: Introduction and overview. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research 43(Suppl.):S1-S4.
  • Stitzel K.A., Spielmann H. and Griffin G. (2002) The International Symposium on Regulatory Testing and Animal Welfare: Recommendations on Best Scientific Practices for Acute Systemic Toxicity Testing. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research 43(Suppl.):S108-S11.

2000

  • Griffin G. (2000) Theme D: The Refinement of Animal Procedures. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 3(2):165-167.

1999

  • Demers G. (1999) La politique de protection animale au Canada. Sciences et Techniques de l'Animal Laboratoire 24(1):39-42.
  • Demers G. (1999) Lignes directrices du CCPA: choisir un point limite approprié lors de l'utilisation des animaux en recherche, en enseignement et pour les tests. Sciences et techniques de l'animal de laboratoire 24(1):61-65.
  • Griffin G. and Gauthier C. (1999) Do Canadian Council on Animal Care guidelines meet ECVAM recommendations on transgenic animals? Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 27(Suppl. 1):823-825.

1995

  • Griffin G. (1995) Alternatives in Canada. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 23(6):824-826.