FAQ: CCAC guidelines on: the care and use of farm animals in research, teaching and testing

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These Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) have been developed as a tool to assist investigators and members of animal care committees (ACCs) in the implementation of the CCAC guidelines on: the care and use of farm animals in research, teaching and testing (2009).

The FAQs provide a generic response to the many comments and questions received by the CCAC during the development of the CCAC guidelines on: the care and use of farm animals in research, teaching and testing (2009). Questions were received both as part of the three stages of review of the guidelines, and at workshops held across Canada on the subject of the farm animal guidelines.

If you do not find the answer to your question here, please contact the CCAC and we will be pleased to provide assistance. These FAQs will be updated regularly and will continue to reflect questions asked by ACCs and investigators in implementation of the CCAC guidelines on: the care and use of farm animals in research, teaching and testing (2009).

  1. Do the guidelines apply to farm animals kept at institutions when they are not being used for research, teaching or testing?arrow
  2. What is the difference between environmental improvement and environmental enrichment?arrow
  3. How do the guidelines address research that involves collaboration with industry facilities such as feedlots?arrow
  4. Why don’t the guidelines specify minimum space requirements for various types of housing situations?arrow
  5. In other guidelines, the CCAC has required removal of all wood in contact with animals unless sealed so that it can be properly sanitized. Do the farm animal guidelines maintain this restriction on the use of wood?arrow
  6. For dairy cattle, the recommendation that milk-fed calves be fed a quantity of milk equivalent to at least 20% of their body weight per day seems high.arrow
  7. Castration and teeth clipping are usual procedures and it will be difficult to change the way in which they are done.arrow
  8. In some places the guidelines give age limits for performing certain procedures. Is allowing surgical procedures on younger animals really any more humane?arrow
  9. Do the guidelines exclude the use of regular poultry production cages due to the requirement for environmental improvement?arrow